A broad range of advice on common health conditions.
Common symptoms including backache, strains and pains, burns, scalds, cuts, sunburn, colds, sore throats, flu and children with temperatures and more.
- Backache, Strains & Sprains
- To reduce swelling a cold flannel or ice inside a towel will help. Many acute strains and sprains will respond to a few days rest and paracetamol taken for the pain.
If the symptoms continue, you should always consult your Doctor.
- Burns & Scalds
- Minor burns and scalds cause redness of the skin. As soon as a burn or scald happens, the affected part of the body should be treated with cold water, for example under a running cold tap.
- Minor Cuts & Grazes
- Wash the wound thoroughly with water. To stop bleeding apply a clean handkerchief or dressing firmly to the wound for five minutes. Cover with a clean dressing.
- Avoid by covering up properly and using a sun protective frequently (remember to reapply after being in water). If you are burnt, cold water removes the heat and a moisturising cream (chilled) will relieve irritation. Paracetamol can also help. Be careful with children in the sun.
- Children with temperatures
- Small children often have high temperatures with minor illnesses. It does not usually indicate serious illness. Cool the child down by removing clothing, fanning and sponging with tepid water for 10 minutes. If the child is fretful, give paracetamol (Calpol etc.) NOT aspirin. Give plenty of fluids but do not worry if the child does not eat. If the child is drowsy, or the temperature does not settle after 36 hours contact the surgery.
- Colds, Sore Throats & Flu
- To ease your symptoms our advice is to drink plenty of fluids and rest. Aspirin or paracetamol and a decongestant may help. If you have a sore throat, it may help to gargle dissolved soluble aspirin. Antibiotics have no beneficial effect on these viral illnesses. Please pick up a self-care information leaflet from reception on Coughs & Colds
Influenza is a potentially serious illness, but does not affect most fit and healthy people in the same way that it affects the infirm or elderly. ‘Flu is severe enough to make you take to your bed, and leaves you tired and run-down for a few days, after which you begin to feel better. Unfortunately, there is little that can be done to speed up recovery. Treat the same as above.
Colds and flu can share some of the same symptoms (sneezing, coughing, sore throat) but are caused by different viruses, and flu can be much more serious.
- Diarrhoea & Vomiting
- Diarrhoea and vomiting is usually due to a virus and the body’s natural defences will clear the infection. The problem usually settles within 3 to 4 days. Anti-diarrhoea medicines are not a good idea as often the infection will take longer to clear the system.
We recommend plenty of clear fluids to avoid dehydration. Special preparations (Dioralyte) are useful in replacing both fluids and salt loss, particularly with severe diarrhoea and are safe at any age.
- It is very common for a child or adult to get threadworms. The person affected and all the family in the same house will need to be treated. The Pharmacist can advise you about treatment. Please pick up one of our self-care Threadworm leaflets from reception.
- Head Lice are also very common in children and adults. Lice are easily detected by fine tooth combing really wet hair. Search in their favourite places; behind ears, under fringes, in eyebrows. If you find lice it is essential that you comb and brush the hair at least twice a day as this will injure the lice and they will quickly die - this is a most important way of treatment and prevention of head lice.
We do not feel that chemical medication is effective in the treatment of head lice. Therefore, we do not issue prescriptions for this type of treatment. There are some alternative treatments which are very effective – please ask at the surgery for one of our head lice leaflets.